Railways Connectivity In India

  • Andhra Pradesh railway map
  • Bihar railway map
  • Chhattisgarh railway map
  • Haryana railway map
  • Jharkhand railway map
  • Karnataka railway map
  • Kerela railway map
  • Madhya Pradsesh railway map
  • Maharashtra railway map
  • Nagaland railway map
  • Orissa railway map
  • Punjab railway map
  • Rajasthan railway map
  • Tamil Nadu railway map
  • Uttar Pradesh railway map
  • Uttaranchal railway map
  • West Bengal railway map

Indian Railways

 Indian Railways (IR) is India’s national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with a route length of 67,368-kilometre (41,861 mi) and total track length of 121,407-kilometre (75,439 mi) as of March 2017. Routes are electrified with 25 kV AC electric traction while 33% of them are double or multi-tracked. Indian Railway’s rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. The world’s eighth-largest employer, it had 1.308 million employees as of March 2017

Indian Railway runs more than 20,000 passenger trains daily, on both long-distance and suburban routes, from 7,349 stations across India. The trains have a five-digit and four-digit numbering system. Most premium passenger trains like Rajdhani, Shatabdi exp run at a peak speed of 140–150 km/h with Gatiman Express between New Delhi and Agra touching peak speed of 160 km/h. Indian Railways has also started a pilot project by the name of “Train-18”, with successful trials between Delhi-Varanasi and Lucknow-Delhi and a clocked maximum track speed of 180 km/h.


List of zones and its divisions

Sl. Railway Zone Code Zone Headquarters Operational Statistics(in FY2011-12) Railway Divisions
Route length
Number of Stations Revenue Passenger Carried
1 Central Railway CR Mumbai CSMT 3,905 612 ₹75,447 million (US$1.1 billion) 1,675 Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur CR
2 Northern Railway NR Delhi 6,968 1142 ₹89,246 million (US$1.3 billion) 685 Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow NR, Moradabad
3 North Eastern Railway NER Gorakhpur 3,667 537 ₹17,667 million (US$260 million) 250 Izzatnagar, Lucknow NER, Varanasi
4 Northeast Frontier Railway NFR Guwahati 3,948 753 ₹21,079 million (US$300 million) 88 Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangiya, Lumding, Tinsukia
5 Eastern Railway ER Fairley Place, Kolkata 2,414 576 ₹37,254 million (US$540 million) 1,173 Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda 
6 South Eastern Railway SER Garden Reach,Kolkata 2,631 353 ₹73,721 million (US$1.1 billion) 263 Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi
7 South Central Railway SCR Secunderabad 3,127 883 ₹89,114 million (US$1.3 billion) 378 Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Nanded
8 Southern Railway SR Chennai Central 5,079 890 ₹81,820 million (US$1.2 billion) 406 Chennai, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Palakkad, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram
9 Western Railway WR Mumbai (Churchgate) 6,182 1046 ₹82,167 million (US$1.2 billion) 1,654 Mumbai WR, Ratlam, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Vadodara
10 South Western Railway SWR Hubballi 3,177 456 ₹26,384 million (US$380 million) 181 Hubballi, Bengaluru, Mysuru,
11 North Western Railway NWR Jaipur 5,459 663 ₹36,240 million (US$520 million) 157 Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur 
12 West Central Railway WCR Jabalpur 2,965 372 ₹65,135 million (US$940 million) 138 Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota
13 North Central Railway NCR Allahabad 3,151 435 ₹87,796 million (US$1.3 billion) 182 Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi 
14 South East Central Railway SECR Bilaspur 2,447 358 ₹63,402 million (US$920 million) 126 Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur SEC
15 East Coast Railway ECoR Bhubaneswar 2,204 342 ₹87,884 million (US$1.3 billion) 86 Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Rayagada 
16 East Central Railway ECR Hajipur 3,628 800 ₹59,386 million (US$860 million) 222 Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai, Samastipur, Sonpur
17 Metro Railway MTP Kolkata 31.36 26 ₹1,648 million (US$24 million) 255.5 Line 1
18 South Coast Railway SCoR Visakhapatnam 3,496   ₹130,000 million (US$1.9 billion)   Vijayawada, Guntur, Guntakal


Class Description
Saloon IR has started to operate saloon coaches to give hotel ambience on trains. These coaches operate on charter basis i.e. booking is required. These have a master bedroom, one normal bedroom, one kitchen and window trailing. Four to six extra beds are given to accommodate more people. First of these coach was attached to Jammu Mail.
1A AC first class: The most luxurious and expensive class of Indian Railways, with fares almost at par with airfares. There are eight cabins (including two coupes) in full AC first class coach and three cabins (including one coupe) in the half AC first class coach. The coach has an attendant, and bedding is included in the fare. This air-conditioned coach, present only on popular routes, can carry 18 (full coach) or 10 passengers (half coach).
2A AC two tier: These air-conditioned coaches have sleeping berths across eight bays. Berths are usually arranged in two tiers in bays of six: four across the width of the coach and two lengthwise across the corridor, with curtains along the corridor. Bedding is included in the fare. A coach can carry 48 (full coach) or 20 passengers (half coach).
3A AC three tier: Air-conditioned coaches with 64 sleeping berths. Berths are similar to 2A, but with three tiers across the width and two lengthwise for eight bays of eight. They are slightly less well-appointed, usually with no reading lights or curtains. Bedding is included in the fare.
3E AC three tier (economy): Air-conditioned coaches with 81 sleeping berths on the Garib Rath Express. Berths are usually arranged as in 3A, but with three tiers across the width and three llengthwise. Appointments are similar to 3A, and bedding is not included. These coaches are also present in some Duronto Express trains as well.
Vistadome IR operates Vistadome glass roof coaches on some tourist routes. These include Araku Valley, Konkan railway, Kalka-Shimla Railway, Kashmir Valley, Kangra Valley and Neral-Matheran route. These coaches fare are equivalent to AC Executive Chair Car. IR also has plans to start Vistadome on Nilgiri mountain railway.
EA Anubhuti: Air-conditioned top-end class of Shatabdi Express. These coaches were introduced in January 2018. First train to get these coaches is Chennai Central–Mysuru Shatabdi Express
EC Executive chair car: An air-conditioned coach with spacious seats and legroom. With four seats in a row, it is used for intercity day travel and is available on the Tejas , Shatabdi Express and Vande Bharat Express.
CC AC chair car: An air-conditioned coach with five seats in a row, used for intercity day travel. Air-conditioned double-deck coaches are used on the Double Decker Express, Shatabdi, Vande Bharat and Intercity.
SL Sleeper class: The sleeper class is the most common coach on IR, with ten or more SL coaches attached to a train rake. They are sleeping coaches with three berths across the width and two lengthwise, without air-conditioning. They carry 72 passengers per coach.
2S Second seater: similar to CC, without air-conditioning. Double-deck second seaters are used on the Flying Ranee.
UR/GEN Unreserved/General: The least-expensive accommodation, with a seat not guaranteed. Tickets are valid on any train on a route if used within 24 hours of purchase.